Dominican Republic type of government
Coat of Arms of Dominican Republic
Chief of State: President Danilo Medina
Head of Government: President Danilo Medina
Government Name: Dominican Republic
Constitution: Adopted: 2010; Separates powers into three branches. Since the country's independence in 1844, they have had 38 constitutions which is more than any country. Establishes the system of governance as a unitary, democratic republic.
Government Type: Democratic Republic
The president is both the head of state and the head of government, and also executes laws passed by the congress, appoints the cabinet, and is the commander in chief of the armed forces.
The president is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system.
The supreme court has the judicial authority, and the court alone hears actions against the president, designated members of his cabinet, and members of congress.
The supreme court and constitutional court judges are appointed by the national council of the judiciary.
Supreme Court Judges: 7 year terms; Constitutional Court Judges: 9 year termsLegislative
The national congress is bicameral and is composed of a senate and the chamber of deputies.
The senate has 32 members elected by plurality vote in single member constituencies. The chamber of deputies has 178 members elected through an open-list proportional representation system.
Foreign Policy Trends: The Dominican Republic has a close relationship with the United States and with the other states of the inter-American system. It has accredited diplomatic missions in most Western Hemisphere countries and in principal European capitals. The Dominican Government has regularly appealed for international support for its island neighbor, Haiti. There is a sizeable Haitian migrant community in the Dominican Republic, many of whom lack residence permits and citizenship documentation.
Regional Trade Blocs: CAFTA-DR
Treaties: No multilateral military treaties
ACP AOSIS BCIE Caricom CD CELAC FAO G-77 IADB IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC ICRM IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS IHO ILO IMF IMO Interpol IOC IOM IPU ISO ITSO ITU ITUC LAES LAIA MIGA MINUSMA NAM OAS OIF OPANAL OPCW Pacific Alliance PCA Petrocaribe SICA UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO Union Latina UNWTO UPU WCO WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WTO
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